The amount of student loan debt in the United States continues to grow - with over $1.5 trillion in student loans outstanding. This includes both Federal and private loans. Almost 45 million Americans currently have student loan debt.
The stats around student loan debt are scary, but how do you compare? We've broken down millennial net worth by age - and today we're tackling average student loan debt by age - or rather by the year you graduated college.
While we would ideally like to hypothesize how much debt you have by age, that's near impossible. But luckily we've been able to compile statistics by the average student loan debt amounts by the year you graduated college.
Let's break it down.
The Current State Of Student Loan Debt
From 1990 to 2013, the growth of student loan debt surpassed the growth in students, going from $24 billion to $110 billion per year, a 352% increase in loans. During that same period, the number of students borrowing increased by 40%:
The increase in borrowing coincides with an increase in tuition.
Going into 2011, 90+ days student loan delinquencies were rising. After a small dip, they jumped to well over 11% at the beginning of 2018 and have since leveled off. You can find out more here.
Average Student Loan Debt By Year
How do you compare to other students who graduated in your class? Here's the average debt by year of graduation. These numbers are the "at graduation" number, for students who graduated with a bachelors degree.
Average Student Loan Debt
Read the study here.
The Rapid Climb Of Tuition
Large increases in tuition aren’t a recent phenomena. Tuition began rising steadily in the 1980s. Take a look a the chart below? Politicians aren't wrong when they say you used to be able to afford college!
Could you image only paying $617 per year to attend school? Well, that's what it would have cost (not adjusted for inflation). Even when you adjust the 1977 dollar to 2019 for inflation, you're still only at $2,607 per year!
The following are for four year public schools (the data is hard to come by, but we sampled from the past 4 decades):
Cost of Tuition
1976 - 1977
1979 - 1980
1983 - 1984
1987 - 1988
1997 - 1998
2007 - 2008
2012 - 2013
2018 - 2019
** Note: the above table is inflation-adjusted for 2019 dollars.
How Much Student Loan Debt Should You Have?
The short answer: as little as possible.
The long answer: it depends on the ROI of your college degree.
The amount of student loan debt really depends on how much you earn after college. Remember, the goal of your student loan debt was to advance your career goals, which in turn should earn you more money.
Furthermore, it's important to remember that the collateral of your student loan debt is your earnings.
To make your student loan debt "worth it", you need to maximize your earnings potential.
A good rule of thumb is to never borrow more than you expect to earn in your first year after graduation. For most average student loan debt borrowers this year (where the average is $29,900), that's possible in most career choices.
Where people really get into problems is when they borrow way more than average. Even if you borrow above average, you can see an ROI if you are going to receive student loan forgiveness.
Student loan debt can be worth it - if the loans are borrowed with a clear ROI.
Where most borrowers get into trouble is that they borrow way more than average. They also take on large amounts of private student loans, which have fewer repayment plan options compared to Federal loans.
So, if you have student loan debt - how do you compare? Were you (or are you) above average or below average for your class?
Robert Farrington is America’s Millennial Money Expert® and America’s Student Loan Debt Expert™, and the founder of The College Investor, a personal finance site dedicated to helping millennials escape student loan debt to start investing and building wealth for the future. You can learn more about him here and here.
He regularly writes about investing, student loan debt, and general personal finance topics geared towards anyone wanting to earn more, get out of debt, and start building wealth for the future.
He has been quoted in major publications including the New York Times, Washington Post, Fox, ABC, NBC, and more. He is also a regular contributor to Forbes.