After the coronavirus slammed the brakes on the U.S. economy, the effects were immediate. Millions of people were left without jobs. Last week, unemployment claims hit a record 3.2 million, and the number is expected to keep climbing. The Federal Reserve is estimating that unemployment could top 30% or more.
For those out of work and wondering how much they’ll get in unemployment insurance, we’ve broken the amounts down by state.
In addition to any unemployment from your state on a weekly basis, you’ll also receive an extra $600 per week as part of the government relief package.
Here's what you need to know about unemployment benefits.
What Are Unemployment Benefits?
Unemployment benefits are a type of social safety net designed to help you by providing a minimum income if you lose your job.
While the benefit amount varies by state, the national average is between $300 and $400 per week.
That's not a lot, but if you really need a little supplemental income while looking for work, it can help be a stop-gap during emergencies. However, it definitely shouldn't be replacing your emergency fund.
It's also important to note that this isn't a totally free benefit. Your employer pays this benefit as a tax - meaning that they are taking that into consideration when paying you. If you're self employed, you're paying 100% of the unemployment benefit tax.
With that being said, you should regard these benefits as extensions of your compensation.
Furthermore, unemployment benefits are taxable income. Since they are designed to be a short-term replacement for your normal income (which is also taxable), these benefits are taxable. If you don't have any money withheld from your unemployment checks, you could owe money when you file your tax return.
What Extra Do You Get During COVID-19 Emergency?
In addition to any unemployment from your state on a weekly basis, you’ll also receive an extra $600 per week as part of the government relief package. The extra benefit is currently scheduled through July 31, 2020. That could change if the virus impact stretches out longer.
This program is called the Pandemic Unemployment Assistance Fund (PUAF). Beyond those traditionally unemployed, this extra $600 is eligible to gig workers, self employed individuals, freelancers, and more.
However, these "non-traditional" recipients, like 1099 gig economy workers, may have to go through a different process than normal to receive the $600. It depends on the state, but many states are setting up portals for this.
If you are already receiving unemployment, you’ll still receive the extra $600 per week. The relief package doesn’t exclude people based on income or whether they had started a new job or not.
You can get the benefit for each week you're of a claim between March 29 and July 31.
For example, if the $600 benefit is more per week than you were making before losing your job, you are still eligible. If you were about to start a new job but never made it because of the coronavirus impact, you are still eligible.
Also, if you filed before these dates, you will still get the extra starting on the week of March 29. For example, if you filed for unemployment for the week of March 23, you would NOT get the extra $600 for that week, but it would kick in the week of March 29 if you're still eligible.
- The extra $600/wk is considered taxable income for your federal taxes.
- The extra $600/wk will be disregarded for purposes of determining income for Medicaid or Children’s Health Insurance Program (“CHIP”) eligibility.
- The extra $600/wk is considered income for determining any healthcare subsidies you may receive.
Proposal: HEROES Act
The House of Representatives passed the HEROES Act on Friday, May 15, 2020, and it included more unemployment benefits for Americans. This isn't law yet - it still needs to pass the Senate and be signed by the President.
The proposal includes extending the extra $600/wk unemployment benefit through January 31, 2021.
Benefit Amount By State
According to Newsweek, the national unemployment average is $300-$400 per week. Some states, such as Massachusetts, pay as high as $1,000 per week. Unemployment insurance doesn’t cover your entire paycheck. It is usually only 45% of what you used to make. Those who work part-time may still be eligible for unemployment but will be paid a lower amount.
The amount you will receive is based on your compensation before you were unemployed. Every state has a slightly different formula. For example, California determines your weekly benefit amount by dividing your earnings for the highest paid quarter of the base period by 26.
Listed below are the minimum and maximum weekly benefits for each state. Plus, you get an extra $600 per week right now through July 31, 2020. We have compiled when states have announced they will start sending the extra $600 as well:
When The Extra $600
District of Columbia
Note: Most states that haven't issued a date for the extra $600 don't have a clue as to when they can start. The reason for this is that their systems are antiquated and they are understaffed at this time. The goal is to get payments out within the month of April, but some states may not see their first check until May 2020.
How To File For Unemployment
Contacting your state’s unemployment office is the first step. They can answer all of your questions about eligibility and how much you should expect per week. Eligibility will vary by state. For most states, you need to have paid into the unemployment fund, which means you were an employee rather than an independent contractor or self-employed person. Of course, the government relief package has relaxed unemployment requirements.
How soon you’ll receive your first unemployment check also varies by state. Some states have a short waiting period between the time you file and the time your first check goes out. The wait time is usually one week, and some states will still pay you for that week. That has also been relaxed due to the government relief package.
Careeronestop.org has a list of contact information for each state’s unemployment office.
You should be able to file for unemployment online through your state’s website. Once you are laid off, file your unemployment claim as soon as possible. The sooner you file, the sooner you’ll begin receiving unemployment payments. Plus, some states do have a waiting period - such as two weeks - before you can get your first unemployment check.
If you aren’t sure that you qualify for unemployment or even believe you don’t, it’s still worth checking. With the relaxed rules, you might be surprised. In fact, some states are offering unemployment benefits to gig economy workers and freelancers who may not even have qualified before.
Other Benefits Right Now
There are a lot of programs right now and benefits that you may be able to take advantage of if you lose your job. One of the most popular is the stimulus checks that should be going to over 90% of Americans.
Here are two guides that cover these in more detail:
Losing your job is tough - especially when it's due to something that nobody could control. However, there are options for you if you need help.
Make sure that you file for unemployment right away if you lose your job so that you can start seeing your benefits sooner, rather than later.
Robert Farrington is America’s Millennial Money Expert® and America’s Student Loan Debt Expert™, and the founder of The College Investor, a personal finance site dedicated to helping millennials escape student loan debt to start investing and building wealth for the future. You can learn more about him here.
He regularly writes about investing, student loan debt, and general personal finance topics geared towards anyone wanting to earn more, get out of debt, and start building wealth for the future.
He has been quoted in major publications including the New York Times, Washington Post, Fox, ABC, NBC, and more. He is also a regular contributor to Forbes.