Educationists and psychologists have discovered several methods which are scientifically proven to help students prepare their material effortlessly and preserve for long time. Here are a few tried and tested techniques to effectively study for exam:
Starting With a Plan:
Good grades do not only depends upon brilliance, it requires effective study which should be started by choosing appropriate settings with least chances of being disturbed. You have to make study a habit in your daily routine and making a schedule will help you concentrate and will allow you to monitor your own progress.
Your schedule should be developed according to your needs to divide your time according to topics to cover for exams. It gives you fair assessment of your progress along saving time. Add the lists of your intended course topics into your plan and divide realistic time accordingly, then you have to prioritize the list and then stick to it.
Systems of Studying
Studying include collecting and extracting desired content, through class lectures, text books and other relevant resources, then understanding and it practicing to memorize for exams. Generally the studying has five important components: Listening Reading, Note Taking, Test Taking and time Management.
For active engagement in study note taking is very effective technique to help you learn the information to absorb and retain for longer period of time. There are several types of note taking:
It helps students to systematically record, analyze, synthesize and reflect on the material during a lecture. Students take note in three steps by dividing lecture into note taking section then indication column with a summary at the end. It has an advantage that student have to revise the lecture soon after the lecture to link the cues with notes and summary. It is systematic method for recording and then reviewing notes and an easy approach for synthesizing important concepts.
The graphical representation of the lecture material by drawing important themes with significant sub themes to understand the topic. It is usually done by drawing a circle in the middle of page and topic is written inside the circle, and other supporting information is written on radiation lines from the circle. Other significant details are written on lines concerning to main idea. This method helps active participation and critical thinking
Underlining is not necessary you can use a highlighter as it is experienced that highlighted content is easier to memorize. It is one of the appreciated method if one understood well it records the desired content with associations which is easy to review. It emphasizes on the relationships of different parts through indenting.
The Charting Method
It helps you to create your notes clear and well organized by splitting content into labeled columns which minimizes repetition. It records the fast paced lectures and visualize the linkages among different pieces of content. It is also a best method to memorize the facts and figures.
The Sentence Method
the simplest method which depends upon the simple writing skills, which only require to copy everything in a shorthand form by using abbreviations, symbols and acronyms and for every new idea record a new sentence and complete your sentences later.
The Mind Mapping
This method works like a graphic organizer represents the links among different ideas as they emit from a major theme. It is best for recording small contents.
Reading is a basic source to acquire information, we read to get the main idea of the content which is essential for effective studying. Main ideas should be outlined while reading each paragraph try to extract the important details relevant your main idea this will help you to review in exams. Reading should be done in a way that is preparing you to answer the questions. SQ3R and OK4R two common reading strategies.
In SQ3R method there are five steps which include 1.Survey: that covers all the material i.e., notes, graphics, titles and subtitles. 2. Question: ask yourself question while reading as you answer these questions will help you to make sense of the content, 3. Read: attentive and active reading to answer the questions, and to read everything and every recorded possible content. 4. Recitation: representation of all the learned material the main ideas, illustrations, graphs and maps into your own words, by doing so periodically enhances the chances to retain the material in your mind for longer periods of times. Then Review what you have covered through the whole exercise of learning. You should not wait for final exams for review but keep reviewing even after preparing a topic.
OK4R like SQ3R helps you to learn and absorb the content for exam preparation OK4R stands for Overview of whole content Introduction, main theme and sub themes to get a complete idea what the content is all about. Key Ideas: inferring the key ideas from the main text which are usually at the start of each paragraphs. You can get it through pictures, graphs, bold prints etc.
R1: reading the whole text, R2: Recall the main idea by closing the book trying to recall what you just have read, writing down few key ideas and linking of sub ideas helps you to memorize R3: Reflecting on all the previous steps to memorize the content by finding linkages of the sub themes. R4 Review the text later to recharge your memory with the information that will help you to recall the forgotten stuff.
Memorizing the information can be challenging you should try to find out more interesting ways to remember the information like Flash cards, Chunking. Memorizing can be done with Retyping and re organizing the notes that will help you to keep information from other perspectives. Repetition technique reintroduce the saved information which helped it to shift into hard disk of the brain from soft memory.
Dreaming hard for success will not work, you have to try hard for it. You should mock your knowledge by past papers by making a real exam environment. Try to arrange study groups with friends and explain your answers. During the extensive study sessions take regular breaks to have healthy food such as nuts, fish, seeds, yogurt such foods help to enhance your memory.
Online Tutoring Services:
In recent decade online study and tutoring sites have also helped student a lot because all the student may not afford to attend the coaching centers for those online tutoring is a blessing.it is easy and can be done at home on mobile, tab or computer according to your own ease. It helps student and teachers both way for its cost effectiveness and flexibility of hours too. Some popular online tutoring sites i.e., Skooli.com, leagueoftutors.com, Tutor.com, TeachMeNow.com and many more which students can use according to their subject. You can get best help from online homework experts to prepare for your exam online & Tips for exam preparation
All the studying is done for final evaluation at exams, with the purpose of how well you have understood the content to pass a certain level of your educational life. You should plan your exam day by checking all requirements and try to reach at well before time.
Consume water to keep your brain hydrated and be sure to have water bottle with you on exam day. You need to learn few tricks to score maximum in examination. Understanding the questions is the key to answer accordingly. You should carefully survey the objective examination to know what exactly is asked then with the help of ground rule by strictly following the track make your answer clear.
Try to answer the easiest answer first and learn to find key words in the statement. Clear handwriting, grammar, punctuation, and spelling also count. Well-written grammatically correct answers always receive higher grades. After selecting the topic, gather and organize your materials by outlining your paper. Make your outline in the form of main headings or ideas with sub-headings fleshing out the flow of the paper.
Make a positive mental attitude overall stay calm, cool and collected, read everything carefully and pace yourself and if you finish early review your answers and make sure all question are fully answered.